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Understand Asthma Symptoms and Treatment, Save Your Day

Understand Asthma Symptoms and Treatment, Save Your Day

Asthma is a disease when you have difficulty on breathing because the airways become narrower, producing more mucus, and swelling.
Not only difficulty on breathing, it will make you coughing, breathing shorter, and wheezing.
In an individual with asthma, within dividers of the airways, known as bronchial tubes, become swollen or aggravated. This swelling or inflammation makes the airways amazingly touchy to irritations and builds their powerlessness to an unfavorably susceptible reaction.

asthma definition wiki

Asthma can be either small nuisance or big problem and life-threatening. This disease can not be cured but still the symptoms can be handled. Asthma often changes every time and it is wise for you to keep in touch with your doctor to track and control the current symptoms and schedule the treatment.
In the United States, around 8.3 percent of individuals have a type of asthma. There are numerous types of asthma, just as a scope of elements that can cause the disease.

Asthma Definition

Asthma definition may be quiet different from person to person. Asthma is an incessant, or long haul, condition that discontinuously kindles and narrows the airways in the lungs. The inflammation makes the airways swell. Asthma causes times of wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath, and hacking. Individuals who have asthma may encounter manifestations that range from mellow to serious and that may happen once in a while or consistently. At the point when side effects deteriorate, it is called an asthma assault. Asthma influences individuals everything being equal and frequently begins during youth.
The manifestations of asthma frequently present in intermittent attacks or scenes of tightness in the chest, wheezing, breathlessness, and coughing.
At the point when this expanded sensitivity causes a reaction, the muscles that control the airways tighten. In doing as such, they may restrict the airways considerably further and trigger an overproduction of mucus.
Asthma is a chronic disease of the airways that deliver air to and from the lungs. No full recovery is accessible, however the management plan can assist an individual with asthma lead a full and dynamic life.

The objective of asthma the executives is to accomplish control with an asthma activity plan. An asthma activity plan may incorporate observing, maintaining a strategic distance from triggers, and utilizing meds.

Asthma Symptoms

Unlike other common diseases, asthma does not have spesific symptoms. The symptoms may different from each person along with the attack. For some people they have rarely attack, some have attack when they do exercise and hard work, and some have attack all the time.

symptoms of asthma

Asthma symptoms and signs can be :
  • Hard to breathe
  • Tightness or pain in chest
  • Hard to sleep because shortness of breath, wheezing, and coughing
  • Wheezing sound when exhaling
  • Worse wheezing and coughing as the result of respiratory virus
The signs of worse asthma can be :
  • The symptoms occur more frequent
  • Harder to breathe
  • Quick-relief inhalers is a must
While different conditions can cause indistinguishable indications from asthma, the example of side effects in individuals who have asthma more often than not has a portion of the accompanying qualities:
  • They travel every which way after some time, or around the same time.
  • They begin or deteriorate with viral diseases, for example, a virus.
  • They are activated by exercise, allergies, cold air, or hyperventilation from chuckling or crying.
  • They are more awful during the evening or toward the beginning of the day.

Asthma Types

To help your doctor determine the class of asthma you have, several questions need to be answered by you together with your physical and diagnostic tests. Measuring your asthma severity will help your doctors to determine the best treatment because the severity changes for some time and the treatment need to be adjusted. The type or the class of asthma can include :
  • Mild intermittent. Symptoms show up every two days every week or at most 2 night every months.
  • Mild persistent. Symptoms show up at least 2 times every week but not everyday occured.
  • Moderate persistent. Symptoms show up everyday for once or at least one night every week.
  • Severe persistent. Symptoms occur almost full day and worse at night.

Asthma Causes

It is still unclear what causes asthma. Every person has different causes from the others. The factors itself are still unclear why someone has asthma and the others not. The probability is the combination of the environment and genetics is the factor of this disease.

Asthma Triggers

Getting various substances and irritants can trigger symptoms of asthma such as :
  • Infected respiratory
  • Stress and emotions
  • Cold air
  • Smoking tobacco
  • Allergies
  • Genetics
  • Sulfites in the certain foods and beverage
  • Exercise and other physical activity
  • Air pollutants
  • Substances in the air such as dust, pollen, and many more
  • Some types of medication such as aspirin and ibuprofen
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), when your stomach acid backs up to throat

Asthma Diagnosis

There are some examination methods to diagnose the existense of asthma disease. The methods include :

Asthma Physical Examination

To track how far your asthma goes, including respiratory infection or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), you will be asked to do physical examination and several questions related to your asthma symptoms.

Asthma Lung Function Measurement Test

This test will result how much air get in and get out when you inhale and exhale. The test can be :
  1. Spirometry. This test will show you how narrow your bronchial tubes from calculating the amount of air you can exhale after a deep inhale and the exhaling speed.
  2. Peak flow. Using simple device called Peak Flow Meter, the difficulty of breathing out can be measured. The sign of asthma or uneffective lungs is lower value than usual.
Before and after using medication called bronchodilator, lung function test will be conducted. This medication includes albuterol, if your long function get better after taking the medication, it is a sign you have asthma.

Asthma Additional Examination

Other examinations can include :
  • Imaging test. Nose cavities (sinuses) and lung will be imaged with X-ray and high resolution Computerized Tomography (CT) scan and show structural problems (diseases or abnormalities) which can cause breathing problem.
  • Sputum eosinophils. This test will observe a mix of certain white blood cells (eosinophils) in saliva and mucus you discharged while you coughing.
  • Allergy test. Blood or skin tests will be conducted to identify allergies toward pollen, dust, mold, or pets. If the result shows certain allergies, your doctor will recommend allergen immunotherapy.
  • Methacholine challenge. Methacholine is popular as asthma trigger which can make your airways have mild constriction when inhaled.
  • Nitric oxide test. This test is not always conducted. If you have asthma, the nitric oxide amount will be higher than usual.
  • Exercise test. Your airways obstruction will be measured before and after taking heavy exercise or breathing with cold air.

Asthma Treatment

The treatment will be conducted to identify the triggers, actions to avoid the symptoms, and track your breathing ability while controlling your asthma with certain medications. Quick-relief inhaler may come handy to control your flared up asthma. For certain cases, you will also need anti allegies medications.

treatment of asthma

Asthma Medicine

Deciding asthma medications comes with several factors such as : age, triggers, and symptoms. Medications also include preventive action and long-term medication to take control your asthma symptoms everyday and reduce airways inflammations. Your doctor also recommend using quick-relief inhaler (bronchodilators) to open swollen airways.

Long term controlling-medications.

This type of medication is often taken everyday as asthma treatment cornerstone. This medication takes control your asthma symptoms and reduce asthma attack frequency.
  • Theophylline. Daily pills which helping on open your airways by relaxing nearby muscles. Not used often after last few years.
  • Long-acting beta agonists. Inhaled medications contain formoterol and sarmaterol to open airways. Do not use this on acute asthma attack because some research it may cause risk for severe asthma attack. Take them only with the combination of corticosteroid.
  • Inhaled corticosteroids. Anti-inflammatory drugs which include mometasone (Asmanex), fluticasone (Flonase, Flovent HFA), beclomethasone (Qnasl, Qvar), flunisolide (Aerospan HFA), ciclesonide (Alvesco, Omnaris, Zetonna), budesonide (Pulmicort Flexhaler, Rhinocort), and fluticasone furoate (Arnuity Ellipta). This medications need to take for several weeks to months to reach its most potential effect and it has low risk side effect so it is safe to take frequently in a long time.
  • Combination inhalers. Medication contains budesonide-formoterol (Symbicort), fluticasone-salmeterol (Advair Diskus), and formoterol-mometasone (Dulera). This medication has long beta agonist with costicosteroids which can increase your risk getting severe asthma attack.
  • Leukotriene modifiers. This oral medication contains montelukast (Singulair), zafirlukast (Accolate) and zileuton (Zyflo) to help relieving asthma symptoms in 24 hours. For some rare cases, this medication cause psychologhy problems such as depression, aggression, hallucinations, and suicidal thoughts. Contact your doctor if this happens.

Quick relief medications

This medication used to relief short-term and rapid symptoms during asthma attack. You will also use this before taking asthma examination exercise by your doctor. The types of quick relievers may include :
  • Ipratropium. Working similar as bronchodilators, relaxing your airways to make you easier to breathe. Aside from asthma, ipratropium also useful for emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
  • Quick-acting beta agonist. This inhaled medication work rapidly to relieve the asthma attack. It includes albuterol (ProAir HFA, Ventolin HFA, others) and levalbuterol (Xopenex). This medications can be inhalers, fine mist, and portable.
  • Oral corticosteroids. Prednisone and methylprednisolone are oral medications, relieving airways inflammation by asthma. Using this medication in long time will cause severe asthma, so this medication only work as short-term medication for severe asthma.
Everytime your symptoms flared-up, you can use inhalers to relieve it very fast. If your long-term medications are going well, you may not use inhalers very often. Keep the record how many times you use inhalers. If the number goes up talk to your doctors, they will help you to adjust long-term medications.

Allergy medications

For certain cases when your asthma is triggered by allergies, you may need these medications:
  • Omalizumab (Xolair). You will be given injection every 2 to 4 weeks especially for severe asthma and allergies. This medication works by altering immune system.
  • Allergy shots (immunotherapy). This shot works by reducing your immune system towars allergen gradually. You will be shot once a week for few months and then a month for 3 to 5 years.

Asthma Home Remedies

Many people depend on prevention and relieve medication to protect themselves. But you also can protect yourself and reduce the chance getting asthma attack by healthy lifestyle and home remedies.

home remedies of asthma

Avoid triggers

One step to start reducing possibilty is avoiding asthma triggers. The action itself may be :
  1. Decontaminate decor. Clean your decor or replace them at night time to get rid of dust that can worsen the symptoms.
  2. Regularly cleaning. Clean your house or room from any dust and do not forget to use mask or ask someone to do it.
  3. Mold spores prevention. Prevent mold spores from developing by clean damp areas such as : kitchen, bath, and any areas.
  4. Use air conditioner. Using air conditioner can reduce the amount of spores from grasses, trees, weeds which come inside your house. Air conditioner is also able to maintain humidity. Close your window or door during pollen season if you can not afford one.
  5. Pet dander reduction. Avoid pets with fur or feather. You can also reduce the amount of dander by bathing or grooming your pets.
  6. Cover nose and mouth in cold air environment. Wearing mask can help if your asthma get worse by cold or dry air.
  7. Maintain humidity. Using dehumidifier may help.

Keep healthy

Healthy tips which can help you to take control your symptoms include :
  • Healthy weight.
  • Regular exercise.
  • Heartburn and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Heatburn has possibility to go up and worsen your asthma, better to talk your doctor about this if you have one.

Alternative medicine

Some alternative medications or treatment may help you to take control of asthma symptoms. But this alternative treatment can not take place your medical treatment by your doctors. Before taking any herb you need to consult to your doctor first. These alternative medications may include :
  1. Breathing exercise. This exercise can help you control the asthma symptoms.
  2. Herbal and natural remedies. Herbal and natural remedies may include : caffeine, pycnogenol, black seed, and choline.

Conclusion

Asthma is quite common for human, especially in cold or dry air environment, but of course you can not take it lightly. This disease can not be cured completely, not at all. All you can do is take control of the symptoms. Contact your doctor to arrange your periodic treatment and avoid the triggers.

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